Capillary condensation method and apparatus for determining porosity characteristics of a sample
Patent No. 7,040,141
Issued: May 9, 2006
Inventors: Gupta; Krishna M. (Ithaca, NY); Jena; Akshaya (Ithaca, NY)
A sample having a plurality of pores is located within a pressurizable chamber. The sample divides the chamber into a first volume and a second volume. A known amount of vapor is introduced into the first volume and the second volume at the same pressure (P.sub.x). After equilibrium is reached, pressure and decrease in volume of vapor are measured. Pore diameter and pore volume are calculated. A pressure differential is created between the two volumes, and the pressure change is monitored after the pressure differential is introduced. In a preferred embodiment, the pressure is increased in the first volume by a small percentage (.DELTA.P.sub.x), and the pressure change on both sides of the sample is monitored after the pressure increase. The flow rate of the vapor is calculated using the pressure change. These steps are preferably repeated. The pore distribution in the sample is preferably calculated from the flow rates.
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